EAC Settlement
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Cyprus - EAC Refugee Settlement (under construction)

The residential area enclave north of the Dhekelia Power Station exclave is the “EAC Refugee Settlement” - Προσφυγικός Συνοικισμός ΑΗΚ (pronounced Prosfygikos Synikismos AIK) and the population was in 2012 around 700 people. This is one of the many refugee settlements in Cyprus established after July1974.  

The settlement was established in 1974 after the Turkish invasion in Cyprus and eventual occupation of the northern part of the island. The invasion created around 200.000 refugees and there was urgent need to settle them in the areas controlled by the Republic of Cyprus. The area in which the Settlement was established was property of the Electricity Authority of Cyprus – EAC and at that time it was relented to the government of Cyprus for the accommodation of refugees. Thus it developed to be a residential area and this is why it is called EAC Refugee Settlement. 

The two Dhekelia enclaves have always been considered by the local authorities to be one enclave, although it was divided by the road from the very beginning.  

The great majority of the residents come mainly from the nearby occupied Famagusta area. The main criterion for the refugees choosing to be at this refugee settlement had to do with being near their hometowns at Famagusta rather than being employed at the Power Station or somewhere near their residence, which at that time and even in 2012 was considered temporary. To be more specific, less than ten people residing at this settlement were in 2012 employed by and even less provide services to  the Power Station. 1)

The EAC Refugee Settlement enclave is completely surrounded by UK's ESBA territory. The 28,0 ha territory is about 710 m west-east and about 590 m north-south. South of the this exclave is another Cypriot exclave, the Dhekelia Power Station, only separated by a UK 45-50 metres wide road corridor. The closest point between the two exclaves are 21 metres (near the mast). On this image we have given the markers our own numbers; S-1 to S-10 in order to separate them since all border marker numbering was unreadable. 

The Dhekelia Garrison is located west of the enclave. 

From Power Station enclave border marker "P-1" in direction of the roundabout.

Border marker "S-2" is located in the south western part of the Settlement enclave of The Republic of Cyprus. Photographed towards north. The main road and the area torwards the marker is territory of the Sovereign Base Area of United Kingdom.

Close-up photo of "S-2", photographed towards south.

On the top it is inscribed the marker is placed according to a military survey, probably by the UK.

Further east another border marker, "S-3" was found. 

Location of the border markers at the mast. The distance between marker "S-8" and the Power Station enclave boundary is only 21 metres.

Border marker "S-7" (closer) and "S-5" (behind the fence). The boundary line is running further west just south of the palm line. Compare this photo with Timothy's image from 2004.

Marker "S-7" is of Republican type.

Marker "S-7".

Marker "S-7" in direction towards the road.

Marker "S-5" in direction towards the road.

Same motif as above ("S-5") but slightly more in southwestern direction.

Marker "S-6" is also of Republican type.

Marker "S-6" is located just south of the fence.

Marker "S-8" is the only marker which is located inside the mast fence.

The west - east line is deviating briefly by a square area where a power mast is located. The fence around the mast is anyhow partly located outside the Cypriot territory. Here we can see markers "S-5" and "S-6".

1. Correspondance with Mr Andreas Polydorides, Station Manager at Dhekelia Power Station (January 2012).

The page was first time published on 06/01/12. This page was last time updated 16/02/12 .