FISE Bm 63
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FISE Border Marker No 63

Finnish bordermarker no. 63 in Torneo. Text: Valtakunnanrajalle ("Empire Boundary") No 63, originally put here when this was on the western border of the Russian Empire. This historic bordermarker is now located at the golf club building, about 200 metres east of the Finnish-Swedish boundary line. Also originally it was a direction marker, not a marker located on the boundary itself.

After the 1808-1809 war between Sweden and Russia  the border of the Torne River was moved. In October 1809 Treaty of Hamina was ratified in Petersburg. Due to the late season, the boundary correction was moved to the next year.

Border marker no. 1 was erected in the northern part of Kilpisjärvi near the Norwegian and Swedish boundary marker. Along the river were erected on both sides of the border a total of 67 border markers which were built of stone or wood with a serial number and respective regents initials. On the most important merkers were also the country's coat of arms.

At Tornio the border left the river's main stream and the boundary commissioners decided in 1823 to mark the border exactly on the terrain route from Fluurinsaari to according to the 1810 treaty. It was decided that the Näränperä wood-built marker no. 63 would be replaced with a new stone marker. When the Governor General Zakrevski visited Tornio in 1827 he gave the order to provide the marker with the national coat of arms. The present marker is made from Vyborg granite and was made in 1880.

After Finland gained independence the Russian empire's symbols was removed. The marker was moved to the Tornio museum and was furnished with Finnish coat of arms. On the stone was carved "to the border" and the number of meters, which at the 1956-57 demarcation was cut off.

The border marker was renovated and was in 1992 provided with this text by the City of Tornio in front of the 75th Finnish Independence Anniversary.

Borderguards from both countries at Näränperä bordermaker in 1915. (Notice the Russian eagle on the marker behind.)

A 19th century Haparanda-Torneå bordermap.

This page was last time updated on 17.11.12