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CIA -- The World Factbook 2000 -- Uzbekistan

There exist four Uzbek exclaves, all of them surrounded by Kyrgyz territory in the Fergana Valley region where Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan meet. Two of them are the towns of Sokh and Shah-i-Mardan; the two other are the tiny territories of Kalacha and Dzhangail located north of Sokh and north-west of Shah-i-Mardan respectively. (Palmberg.)

Sokh is according to own calculations 228.8 kmē and is quoted to have a population of 42,800 (1993), although some estimates go as high as 70,000. 99% Tajiks, the rest Kyrgyz.

Ortomap of the Vorukh enclave. (Click on the image.)

Kalacha is a tiny exclave, 3,5 km long and 1 km on its widest.

Ortomap of the Kalacha enclave. (Click on the image.)

Shah-i-Mardan is according to own calculations 38.2 kmē and with a population of 5,100 (1993). 91% Uzbeks, 9% Kyrgyz.

Ortomap of the Shah-i-Mardan enclave. (Click on the image.)

Dzhangail exclave is about 1700 m long and 850 m wide. 

Ortomap of the Dzhangail enclave. It has not been possible to get verified if the exclave still is alive as of January 2012.  (Click on the image.)

Possible location of the Dzhangail exclave. The entire exclave appears to consist from farmland and seems to be uninhabited.


  1. All map images on this page are from Atlas avtomobil'nikh dorog, Belarus 1999, ISBN 985-409-022-1.
  2. Ortomaps are from Google Earth as presented in February 2012.


  1. Uzbekistan/Kyrgyzstan: Prime Ministers Agreed On Land Swap
  2. Enclave Politics Between Bishkek and Tashkent Poison Relations by Maria Utyaganova ((05/09/2001 issue of the CACI Analyst)


This page was last time updated 26/02/12 .