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CIA -- The World Factbook 2000 -- Tajikistan
There exist three Tajik exclaves, all of them villages located in the Ferghana & Isfara Valleys region where Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan meet.


Scanned from «Atlas avtomobil'nikh dorog», 1999, page 292.

One of them is around the village of Vorukh is surrounded by Kyrgyz territory, and south of the mountain Ak-Tash (3058 m).

The area of the exclave is 130 km˛. Estimates of population vary between 23,000 and 29,000. 95% Tajiks and 5% Kyrgyz.

Economy is based on agriculture and gardening (irrigated by the Karavshin river), while substantial part of the male population works in markets in Russia selling fruit and vegetables. Enclave knew land and water-related ethnic tensions between Tajiks and Kyrgyz from nearby Samarkandek in 1989, 1993 and 1999.
(Kyrgyzstan Development Gateway.)

Ortomap of the Vorukh enclave. (Click on the image.)

Map from Peter Smaardijk (Mar 5, 2001)

The next which also is surrounded by Kyrgyz territory is a small settlement near the Kyrgyz railway station of Kairagach. (Palmberg.)

Ortomap of the Kairagach enclave. (Click on the image.)

Scanned from «Atlas avtomobil'nikh dorog», 1999, page 271

Another is the Tajik village of Sarvan, completely surrounded by Uzbek territory.

Ortomap of the Sarvan enclave. (Click on the image.)



Ferghana Valley: in the middle of the Empires

This page was last time updated 02/02/12 .