Back ] Next ]



Jan S. Krogh's Geosite: Latvia - Lithuania Boundary Points LTLV-1480-1482 (Smelynė, LT / Medumi, LV)


The boundary between the Lithuanian town of Zarasai and the Latvian town of Medumi goes in the middle of the small river of Laukesa (Lith.) or Lacesa (Latv.). Here meet the Lithuanian highway A6 with the Latvian highway A13, both on the European route E262 which goes from Kaunas in Lithuania to Ostrov in Russia.  Above view from the Latvian side towards southeast and Lithuania. The river divides the Lithuanian village of Smėlynė (pop. 23 [2001]) and the Latvian village of Ēģipte [lit. Egypt]. 

Position: 55° 44' 41" N 26° 18' 34" E.

View from the borderline and into the Latvian side. 

Same view as above. The photo shows the bridge between Lithuania and Latvia and the Lithuanian Customs staff at Smėlynė border crossing point in 1935. Near the bridge, on the Lithuanian side, from left side no. 2 Mr. Kazimieras Jasevičius, no. 3 Customs Guard Mr. Matiekūnas and no. 6 Chief Customs Guard Mr. Kukta. The Latvian concrete border marker is to the left behind the border bridge. The closest building appears to be the Latvian Customs at Medumi. (© Zarasai Regional Museum 1.)

The Lithuanian concrete border marker. Photographed towards west. The picture shows a group of students traveling from Kaunas to Daugavpils guided by Bishop Mečislovas Reinys  Photo: Leonas Dainys. © 2012, 2015 Aleksandras Al. Sakas. 2

The Latvian concrete border marker. Photographed towards north. The picture shows a group of students traveling from Kaunas to Daugavpils guided by Bishop Mečislovas Reinys  Photo: Leonas Dainys. © 2012, 2015 Aleksandras Al. Sakas.  2

Lithuanian indirect border marker 1480 watched from the road bridge. The Latvian concrete marker was standing about at the concrete pole on this photo. 

The marker is located 11,9 m from the borderline which runs in the middle of the river. 

Boundary marker 1480.

Close-up of border marker. 

Approximately on the opposite side of the river was Latvian indirect border marker 1481. This concrete pole maybe marks the location of the Lithuanian concrete pole.

The marker was located 13,3 m from the borderline.  

Near the bridge and the road we found indirect Latvian border marker 1482; here watched towards northeast. 

The marker was located 13,5 m from the borderline; here watched from north.  

The border river watched from the bridge towards southeast.  

The bridge watched towards northwest.  


The Lithuanian border station was until Dec. 2007 located 177 m from the boundary, while the Latvian station [rob˛.] was situated 333 m from the line.3


According to the 1927 Border Treaty we can see there were some minor border adjustment at the river mouth, mainly since 1927 the shape of the lake shore there has slightly changed.Before WW II there were two 2 m tall concrete border markers at this border, located at both sides of the bridge. The Treaty does not mention the concrete border markers, neither the bridge, at this crossing, only Border Marker no. 477. 5

1927 Border Treaty Map Appendix 18. The border run along the dashed line on this map; from the lake and in the middle of the river.   

The points were visited in July 2012.

Sources and links



  3. Fragment of border map of Latvian Geospatial Information Agency.

  4. Fragment of 1927 Border Treaty Map no. 109.

  5. Latvian - Lithuanian Border Treaty of 1927, page 603.

This page was first time made on 7 October 2012. This page was last time updated 03/05/15 .